Why do acne scars form?
Acne scars result from inflamed blemishes that are caused by engorged skin pores. Skin pores can swell up from excessive oil, bacteria and dead skin cells, causing a break in the follicle wall. Minor breaks in the follicle wall do not take as long to heal, but a major one can cause infected material to spill out into surrounding tissue to create deeper lesions. Your skin actually has its own self-repair technique for lesions. New collagen fibers are formed and attempt to repair them. Unfortunately, as we age, our bodies produce less and less collagen, making it harder for acne scars to fade. And even when our skin repairs itself, it does not look as pristine as that original layer of skin.
What are the main types of acne scars?
Scars resulting from acne are identified as either atrophic/depressed or hypertrophic/keloid. Atrophic/depressed scars are caused by a loss of tissue. Often referred to as “icepick” scars, they appear as small, visible holes in the skin. “Boxcar” scars are depressions that are commonly round in shape. They can look similar to the scars you can get from the chickenpox.
Hypertrophic/keloid scars develop when the body produces too much collagen as acne wounds heal. They look like a mass of raised tissue on the surface of the skin.
What should I do about my current acne scars?
If you currently have acne scars, we recommend that you stay out of the sun. Excessive sun exposure can darken acne scars and make them more visible. Also, remember to avoid over-scrubbing when you wash your face. Friction will irritate inflamed skin. Never pick at your scars, especially if you haven’t washed your hands. Bacteria from your hands and nails can result in the formation of additional cysts.
What are the available treatments?
At Pellé Medical Spa, we provide microneedling for acne scars. Using an automated micro-needling pen, we can produce micro-injuries in the skin to produce new collagen and elastin.* By creating micro-injuries, your skin will be forced to heal itself. And with new collagen and elastin growth, that new skin will be firmer and clearer than the old skin.* This treatment is extremely effective and safe. You can learn more about microneedling here.
Schedule treatments in Manchester, New Hampshire
If you suffer from acne scarring and you’d like to get back to the days of clearer skin, schedule an appointment at Pellé Medical Spa in Manchester, New Hampshire. To get started, give us a call at (603) 627-7000 or fill out the request form on our site.